Timber : Different types and species of structural timber, density‐moisture relationship, strength in different directions, defects, influence of defects on permissible stress, preservation, dry and wet rots, codal provisions for designs. Plywood. Bricks : Types, Indian Standards classification, absorption, saturation factor, strength in masonry, influence of mortar strength on masonry strength.
Cement : Compounds of, different types, setting times strength.
Cement Mortar : Ingredients, proportions, water demand, mortars for plastering and masonry.
Concrete : Importance of W/C Ratio, strength ingredients including admixtures, workability, testing for strength elasticity, non‐ destructive testing, mix design methods.